Biophysical context and Policy parameters

Icône de l'outil pédagogique Biophysical context: current and alternative activities and farm types

The biophysical context is mainly defined by the representative farm types and the activities (current or alternative) cultivated in the region. This farm typology provides, for each sample region (NUTS2 level), a set of typical farms defined by 4 criteria: size, intensity, land use and specialization. In the Midi-Pyrenees region three arable farm types are selected based on Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) and Farm Structural Survey (FSS). Information on current activities in the Midi-Pyrenees region is collected. It includes the data on amount, nature, method and timing of management events. Additionally, for each crop a set of economic data has been specified including product prices paid to farmers, variable costs and premiums. To simulate the impact of the Nitrate Directive a set of alternative activities, based on the target yield, is generated (Louhichi et al., 2008).

Icône de l'outil pédagogique Policy parameters

Table 1 gives a brief definition of the baseline in comparison to the policy scenario, which combines the 2003 CAP reform with the application of the M1 measure of the Nitrate Directive (Belhouchette et al., 2007). The M1 refers to better management of nitrogen minerals and organic fertilization.


Baseline scenario [2013]

Nitrate Directive [2013]

2003 CAP reform

- Decoupled payment as is adopted in France

- Modulation implementation


Cross-compliance restriction (a 3% cut of EU premiums if the Nitrate Directive is not applied)

 Table 1. Definition of baseline and policy scenarios

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